PENGARUH TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP DAN LEADER MEMBER EXCHANGE (LMX) TERHADAP KINERJA KARYAWAN DI MOI GARDEN SURABAYA

Elisa Wijani Setiawan, Lucy Puspita Hadi

Abstract


 

Abstrak: Transformational Leadership  merupakan model kepemimpinan yang baru yang menyekat hubungan antara pemimpin dan karyawan yang baik akan mempengaruhi gaya kepemimpinan dari pemimpin itu sendiri, dapat dilihat dari dimensi dari Transformational Leadership  yang meliputi, pengaruh ideal, stimulasi intelektual, motivasi inspirasi, konsiderasi individu. Dan Transformational Leadership  didukung dengan kepemimpinan lain yang disebut Leader Member Exchange (LMX) dengan adanya LMX akan membantu terbentuknya Transformational Leadership , begitu juga sebaliknya. Dimensi dari LMX sendiri meliputi Kontribusi, Loyalitas, Afeksi, dan respek profesional. Dan dari gaya kepemimpinan diatas akan mempengaruhi kinerja karyawan disuatu restoran.

 

Abstract : Transformational Leadership is a new model of leadership, and Transformational Leadership explains about good relationship between the leader and employee. Relationships between leader and employee have influence for performance of employee. The dimension of Transformational Leadership is idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, inspiration motivation, individual consideration. Transformational Leadership supported by the other style of leadership called Leader Member Exchange. The dimension of Leader Member Exchange is contribution, loyalty, affection, professional respect. Transformational Leadership and Leader Member Exchange have influence to performance of employee.


Keywords


Leader Member Exchange (LMX), Transformational Leadership, Kinerja Karyawan.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bhal, O.C. (2006). Organizational Citizenship Behavior: the good soldier syndrome. Lexington. MA: Lexington Book.

Edward & Ratnawati, Rts. (2013). Kualitas Hubungan atasan bawahan sebagai mediator dalam hubungan Transformational Leadership dengan perilaku Citizenship dan kinerja pegawai administrative Universitas Jambi. Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen. 1(1).

Ghozali, I. (2011). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate dengan Program IBM SPSS 19. (5th ed.). Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

Ilies, R., Nahrgang, J.D. & Morgeson, F.P. (2007). Leader member exchange and citizenship behavior: A met-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology. 92 (1)

Liden, R. C. & Maslyn, J. M. (1998). Multidimensionality of Leader-member Exchange: An Empirical Assessment through Scale Development. Journal of Management. 24 (1).

Malayu, S.P.H. (2000). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, STIE YKPN, Yogyakarta.

Margono, S. (2004) Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Morrow, P. C., Suzuki, Y., Crum, M. R., Ruben, R., & Pautsch, G. (2005). The role of leader-member exchange in high turnover work environments. Journal of Managerial Psychology. 20 (8).

Sarros, J.C. & Santora, J. C. (2001). The Transformational – Transactional Leadership Model in Practice. Leadership & Organizational Development Journal. 22 (8).

Sudarmanto. (2009). Kinerja dan Pengembangan Kompetensi SDM: Teori, Dimensi Pengukuran dan Implementasi Dalam Organisasi. Yogyakarta: PustakaPelajar.

Wang, H., Law, K. S., Hackett, R. D., Wang, D., & Chen, Z. X. (2005). Leader-member exchange as a mediatorof the relationship between Transformational Leadership and followers’ performance and organizational citizenship behavior. Academy of Management Journal. 48 (3).

Wutun, R.P. (2001). Persepsi Karyawan tentang Perilaku Kepemimpinan Atasan. Jakarta : Bagian Psikologi Industri dan Organisasi Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Indonesia

Yukl, G. (2010). Kepemimpinan dalam Organisasi (5th ed.). Jakarta: PT. Indeks.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.